Latin American feminism broadly encompasses multiple positions, many of which are in tension with each other. The diversity of feminisms is owed to the various regions and their histories which demanded social, cultural, governmental, and organizational transformations in their own capacities. Hence, the present discussion of the general concept of Latin American feminism methodologically necessitates historical sensitivity to apprehend the intimate relationship between the development of different ideas and the heterogeneous political conditions that give rise to them. But while Latina teens have amuch higher rateof teenage pregnancies than their white peers, they don’t have sex more often than their white counterparts. In fact, a2009 studylooking at sexual health factors in teens by race and ethnicity shows that the female rate of teenage intercourse for Latinas and non-Latina whites are identical, with 45% of teen girls from both racial/ethnic groups reporting having had sex.

We considered cervical cancer mortality in young women only because of the lack of research in the LAC region, which has focused on cervical cancer mortality in general. In addition, another reason was due to the increase in mortality among young women reported in a number of studies . Because HPV infection is the most important risk factor for cervical cancer, younger women are likely to have experienced higher rates of HPV infection compared to older women. Cervical cancer remains a major public health problem in low- and middle-income countries .

Both gender-based violence and femicide—killing a woman simply because of her gender—increased dramatically. Yet the use of Latinx is not common practice, and the term’s emergence has generated debate about its appropriateness in a gendered language like Spanish. We asked survey respondents about their awareness of the term Latinx and their views of the term.

With this award for general operating support, MLEA adapts its Latina Leadership program, which creates safe spaces for women, many of whom are immigrants and survivors of domestic violence and sexual assault. The program addresses topics including self-perception and confidence-building, understanding systems of power and oppression, public speaking, and organizing for social change. For women artists in Latin America, the decades covered by the exhibition were a time of both repression and liberation. Most countries in the region were ruled by dictatorships or riven by civil war at some point during these years. The lives of many of the artists featured in Radical Women were thus enmeshed in experiences of authoritarianism, imprisonment, exile, torture, violence, and censorship. While few Latin American women artists identified as feminists, their works and their lives often manifested a vision of the female universe at odds with the region’s repressive regimes and deeply rooted patriarchal values. The Latina and Chicana artists working in the United States developed an aesthetic that addressed the marginalization of women and of their own communities in American society.

The pandemic appears to have triggered small positive changes in some important dimensions critical to women’s empowerment. The progress that women have made in terms of educational achievements is indisputable. In many countries, women have narrowed the gender gap in educational attainment and even surpassed men in enrollment and completion rates in secondary and tertiary education. For instance, in Jamaica, girls are slightly more likely than boys to complete lower secondary education (84.7% vs. 83.4%, respectively).

  • Ministry of Interior and Public Security, Ministry of Women and Gender Equity, and UN Women signed an agreement on gender equality and public security.
  • Much of the discrimination experienced by women in the working environment is related to motherhood.
  • As women, racial and ethnic minorities and members of a low socioeconomic status group, Latinas posses a triple minority status, all of which impact their educational opportunities.

We provide a wide array of financial products and technical assistance, and we help countries share and apply innovative knowledge and solutions to the challenges they face. ; introduced shared parental leave and increased the length of paternity leave to encourage the sharing of responsibilities for unpaid care work. In Ecuador, Produbanco, a large local bank, is providing new credit to businesses– particularly women-owned micro, small, and medium enterprises — whose cash flows have been disrupted by the COVID-19 pandemic. Importantly, as more evidence is gathered, governments and the private sector are gaining new insights into how this pandemic is transforming women’s and men’s lives and taking appropriate measures to respond to existing gaps.

However, unlike Latin American philosophy, Latin American feminisms have responded to this concern by developing theories that attend to dynamics with which ideas travel and the way in which ideas are re-negotiated and re-signified as they move across locations. Latin American feminisms have critically argued against the general understanding that ideas are formed in the “North” and travel to the “South” . In order to defend this position, it is argued that the act of translating is itself a materially situated political task that re-signifies ideas as they migrate into varying contexts. The ideas that emerge in the Latin American context are themselves unique to the circumstances that generate their conditions of articulation. However, circumstance is not sufficient to create uniqueness; rather, the processes of translation involved in the movement of ideas across hemispheres shift meaning. Surprisingly, our assessment showed that Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Costa Rica had an initial downward trend followed by a significant upward trend.

Special meeting of the Presiding Officers of the Regional Conference on Women in Latin America and the Caribbean

This disparity, the researchers argue, is not due to a lack of intellectual capabilities, but rather a deficiency in opportunities. While Latinas have predominantly been excluded from research on body image and eating disorders, they are not immune from developing disordered eating habits and mental illnesses like anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder. On the contrary, despite rarely being reported or diagnosed,recent studiesshow that Latinas have eating disorders and body image issues at rates comparable to or greater than non-Latina whites.

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If you were to accept everything you heard about Latinas, you might think they were scheming and hypersexual, yet socially conservative women whose «equal educational opportunities» and «competitive purchasing power» signify their «arrival.» Santos, who is the co-CEO of #WeAllGrow Latina, a lifestyle brand and online community that connects Latinas with career resources, didn’t realize she was being paid unfairly until another woman of color saw Santos’ pay stub on her desk and alerted her of the discrepancy. Many of the issues curbing Latinas from advancing in their careers and earning a fair, equitable wage start with access, career experts and business leaders point out.

The main strength of our study is the comprehensive description of recent trends and predicted mortality of cervical cancer in LAC countries. Our results provide timely information to policy makers regarding the current and future trends of cervical cancer, which could help in the development of public health interventions. Cervical cancer continues to be one of the main cancers, and affecting women under 45 years of age . Although previous studies have reported a remarkable decline of cervical cancer mortality among young women in several European countries , LMICs report an increase in cases and deaths in women under 45 years of age . This rapid rise of cases of cervical cancer among young women could be explained, in part, by changes in sexual behaviors (e.g. early sexual activity) and a subsequent increase in the risk of human papillomavirus infection . In fact, the incidence of HPV infection in Latin America is higher compared to the average worldwide, being attributable to more than 50,000 new cases of cervical cancer per year . Nowadays, many LMICs have not introduced the HPV vaccine into their national immunization schedules .

In this process, one bacterium designated the male bacterium transfers its DNA into the female bacterium. Bacteria are determined to be male or female by a small piece of DNA, called F-plasmid, or sex factor. Bacteria with this small piece of DNA are labeled as males, and bacteria that do not have this factor are considered females.

All of these women dared to be thinkers at times when being a Latin American woman in philosophy was unheard of, and they have come to form the foundation of a canon of thinkers that paved the way for new and emerging voices. Activism became institutionalized and the feminist movement grew in various directions. As the 90s came to a close, what started out as a spontaneous social movement with radical ideas about patriarchy, militarism, and democratization found its way into the halls of institutions and organizations that stifled feminist activism. The institutionalization of feminism was so profound that its political promise seemed lost. Institutionalization was not without critique, and the early 2000s marked the emergence of new voices that took liberal dominant feminisms to task by focusing on anti-neoliberal and decolonial critique which began to call out the hegemonic practices of Latin American feminisms. For example, in 2014, 33% of women aged 10–20 years in developed countries received the full course of the vaccine, compared with 2.7% of women in developing countries .